Common Pet Medications

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Acid Blockers

DRUG: PURPOSE; DOSE; SIDE EFFECTS

Cimetidine: treat upper GI ulcers and inflammation; 5-10 mg/kg po q8h; rare side effects.

Famotidine: treat upper GI ulcers and inflammation; 0.5 mg/kg po q24h; use with caution in pets with heart disease.

Omeprazole: treat upper GI ulcers and inflammation; 0.5-1 mg/kg po q24h; limited side effects.

Ranitidine: treat upper GI ulcers and inflammation; 0.5-1 mg/kg po q12h; limited side effects.
(NOTE: There are many other indications, common dosages (with variable routes of administration) and possible side effects which are not listed. Please always consult your veterinarian.)

Abbreviations: mg=milligrams; kg=kilograms; po=per os (by mouth); q=every; h=hours

Antibiotics

DRUG: PURPOSE; DOSE; SIDE EFFECTS

Amoxicillin: upper respiratory tract and urinary tract; 11-22 mg/kg po q12h; limited side effects.

Baytril (enrofloxacin): oral cavity, urinary tract and skin; 2.5 mg/kg po q12h; do not use in young, growing pets due to possible damage to growing cartilage, may also cause GI distress.

Cephalexin: urinary tract, skin and respiratory tract; 22-33 mg/kg po q12h; limited side effects.

Clavamox (amoxicillin/clavulanic acid): oral cavity, respiratory tract, urinary tract and skin; 13.75 mg/kg po q12h; limited side effects.

Doxycycline: mycoplasma and spirochetes (including the Lyme disease organism – Borrelia burgdorferi); 5 mg/kg (loading dose), then 2.5 mg/kg po q12h; do not use in pregnant animals or young animals with developing teeth; administer water to pets after oral dosing.

Sulfatrim (Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim): urinary tract and skin; 15-30 mg/kg po q12-24h; GI distress, keratoconjunctivitis sicca (“dry eye”) with long term treatment, Doberman Pinschers may be more susceptible to allergic reactions.
(NOTE: There are many other indications, common dosages (with variable routes of administration) and possible side effects which are not listed. Please always consult your veterinarian.)

Abbreviations: mg=milligrams; kg=kilograms; po=per os (by mouth); q=every; h=hours

Antifungals

DRUG: PURPOSE; DOSE; SIDE EFFECTS

Griseofulvin: fungal infections; 25 mg/kg po q12h; do not use in pregnant pets, GI upsets.

Ketoconazole: fungal infections; 5-20 mg/kg po q12h; do not use in pregnant pets, GI upsets.

(NOTE: There are many other indications, common dosages (with variable routes of administration) and possible side effects which are not listed. Please always consult your veterinarian.)

Abbreviations: mg=milligrams; kg=kilograms; po=per os (by mouth); q=every; h=hours

Anti-Inflammatories

DRUG: PURPOSE; DOSE; SIDE EFFECTS

Buffered aspirin: pain from inflammation; 10-20 mg/kg po q12h; GI bleeding, ulcers.

Carprofen: pain from inflammation (eg. osteoarthritis); 2.2 mg/kg po q12h; anorexia, liver changes with long term usage in some individuals. DO NOT use in dehydrated pets, those with liver, kidney or cardiovascular disease or concomitant with corticosteroids.

Deracoxib: pain from inflammation (eg. osteoarthritis); 1-2 mg/kg po q24h; anorexia. DO NOT use in dehydrated pets, those with liver, kidney or cardiovascular disease or concomitant with corticosteroids.

Etodolac: pain from inflammation (eg. osteoarthritis); 10-15 mg/kg po q24h; anorexia. DO NOT use in dehydrated pets, those with liver, kidney or cardiovascular disease or concomitant with corticosteroids.

Prednisolone: various inflammatory and immune mediated disorders; 0.1-1 mg/kg po (every other day for long term); GI upset, over usage can result in Cushing’s disease.
(NOTE: There are many other indications, common dosages (with variable routes of administration) and possible side effects which are not listed. Please always consult your veterinarian.)

Abbreviations: mg=milligrams; kg=kilograms; po=per os (by mouth); q=every; h=hours

Anti-Parasitics

DRUG: PURPOSE; DOSE; SIDE EFFECTS

Fenbendazole: whipworms, roundworms, hookworms; 50 mg/kg po q24h for 3 days in a row (repeat in 3 weeks and 3 months); vomiting.

Fipronil: fleas and ticks; topical-follow package instructions; redness at application site.

Imidacloprid: fleas; topical-follow package instructions; redness at application site.

Ivermectin: heartworm prevention, ear mites; 0.006 mg/kg po q30d, (for heartworm prevention); depression and ataxia.

Lime sulfur: mange mites; topical application per instructions 1-2 times per week as needed; limited side effects.

Lufenuron: fleas; 10 mg/kg (dogs), 30 mg/kg (cats) po q30d; limited side effects.

Milbemycin: heartworm, roundworm, hookworm and whipworm prevention, demodectic mange; 0.5-1 mg/kg po q30d (q24h for 90+ days for demodectic mange); ataxia-rare.

Nitenpyram: fleas; __ mg/kg po once (can repeat q__d as needed); limited side effects.

Pyrantel: roundworms and hookworms; 5-10 mg/kg po q24h (repeat in 3 weeks); vomiting.

Pyrethrins: fleas (and other ectoparasites); topical-follow package instructions; depression and ataxia.

Selamectin: heartworm prevention, fleas, ear mites, sarcoptic mange, some ticks; topical-follow package instructions; digestive upset.

Sulfa drugs: coccidia; 15-30 mg/kg po q12h; GI upsets, Doberman Pinschers may be more susceptible to allergic reactions.

(NOTE: There are many other indications, common dosages (with variable routes of administration) and possible side effects which are not listed. Please always consult your veterinarian.)

Abbreviations: mg=milligrams; kg=kilograms; po=per os (by mouth); q=every; h=hours; d=days

Behaviour Medication

DRUG: PURPOSE; DOSE; SIDE EFFECTS

Amitriptyline: separation anxiety in dogs and anxiety in cats, pruritis; 1-2 mg/kg po q12-24h; hyperexitability, GI upsets.

Buspirone: fear/phobias and anxiety disorders; 2.5-10 mg/kg po q12h; nausea and anorexia.

Clomipramine: separation anxiety in dogs; 0.5-1 mg/kg po q24h; GI upsets.

(NOTE: There are many other indications, common dosages (with variable routes of administration) and possible side effects which are not listed. Please always consult your veterinarian.)

Abbreviations: mg=milligrams; kg=kilograms; po=per os (by mouth); q=every; h=hours

Gastrointestinal Medication

DRUG: PURPOSE; DOSE; SIDE EFFECTS

Cisapride: promotility; 0.5 mg/kg po q8h (dog), 2.5-5 mg po q8h (cat); GI distress.

Colchicine: liver fibrosis; 0.025 mg/kg po q24h; nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, death.

Cyproheptadine: appetite stimulant (cat); 2-4 mg po q12h; CNS depression.

Maropitant (Cerenia): antiemetic; 2 mg/kg po q24h or 1 mg/kg sq q24h; hypersalivation, CNS depression.

Metoclopramide: promotility, antiemetic; 0.1-0.5 mg/kg po q8h; constipation, frenzied behavior.

Sucralfate: upper GI ulcers; 0.25-1 gram po q8h; constipation.

Ursodeoxycholic acid (Actigall): hepatic inflammation; 2.5-7.5 mg/kg po q12h (dog); diarrhea.

(NOTE: There are many other indications, common dosages (with variable routes of administration) and possible side effects which are not listed. Please always consult your veterinarian.)

Abbreviations: mg=milligrams; kg=kilograms; po=per os (by mouth); q=every; h=hours

Heart Medication

DRUG: PURPOSE; DOSE; SIDE EFFECTS

Digoxin: slows and strengthens heart contractions; 0.0025-0.004 mg/kg po q12h (varies);arrhythmias.

Diltiazem: hypertension; 0.5-1.5 mg/kg po q8h; GI distress, heart block, hypotension.

Enalapril: vasodilator (heart disease, hypertension); 0.25-1 mg/kg po q12-24h; GI distress.

Pimobendan: positive inotropic (strengthens heart contractions)and vasodilator; treat dilated cardiomyopathy and mitral valve insufficiency; 0.1-0.3 mg/kg po q12h; uncommon: polyuria, polydipsia, vomiting, diarrhea, inappetence.

Propranolol: slows heart (heart disease, hypertension); 0.44-1.1 mg/kg po q8h; depression.

Quinidine: ventricular arrhythmias; 6-16 mg/kg po q8h; GI distress, weakness.

(NOTE: There are many other indications, common dosages (with variable routes of administration) and possible side effects which are not listed. Please, always consult your veterinarian.)

Abbreviations: mg=milligrams; kg=kilograms; po=per os (by mouth); q=every; h=hours